Welcome! In this video we review the role of the World Wealth Organization and explain why and how will the president Trump reduce the US contributions the the World Health Organization. I hope you enjoy it!
World Health Organization
President Trump says he’s halting U.S. funding for the World Health Organization for 60 to 90 days as his administration reviews the group’s handling of the coronavirus pandemic. Trump said that the WHO was slow to respond to the crisis and that the organization has been “China-centric.”
First, it is important to get some context:
What is the World Health Organisation?
Founded in 1948, the agency is the coordinating authority on international health within the United Nations system. It coordinates activities and provides guidance for their 194 member states and 2 associated members. WHO has helped eradicating Smallpox, a devastating contagious disease; brought lifesaving vaccines to millions of children in need of immunisation; saved more than 53 millions of lives from tuberculosis; and much more.
Nowadays, in this worldwide pandemic called covid-19, WHO provided technical guidance for health workers on how to care for
patients iand guidance to the public on how to protect themselves.
How big is the WHO budget?
The World Health Organization runs on a two-year budget cycle. For 2020 and 2021, its budget for carrying out its programs is $4.8 billion, or $2.4 billion per year.
Where do the funds come from?
For the 2018-2019 budget:
-51% were contributions from Member States;
-16% from United Nations and other Intergovernmental Organisations;
-13% from Philanthropic Foundations
-9% from Partnerships;
-9% from Nongovernmental Organisations
-2% from Private Sector
These contributions fall into two categories: assessments (i.e. membership dues) and voluntary contributions.
Each member state pays assessment fees based on the country’s wealth and population.
Voluntary contributions have been growing and for the budget 2020-2021, it is estimated that Member States assessments will only represent 17% of the total budget.
How much does the US contribute?
The U.S. is the largest single government donor in the world and contributed to 20% of the 2018-2019 budget cycle.
The money comes in two streams. The U.S. contribution to the pool of assessed fees is $237 million. That’s 22% of the total assessed fees, the largest share of any nation. By comparison, China contributes 12% of this pool of monies, and some low-income countries pay 0.1%.
There are also the voluntary contributions from other US organisations, which pledged more than $656 million for specific programs like the polio eradication.
As of March 31, the U.S. was behind in its payment of assessed fees. According to the WHO’s statement of account, it currently owes $198.3 million in membership dues, including some amounts owed for previous cycles.
What does a U.S. funding freeze mean?
No details have been released on how the funding suspension will be executed. Specialists believe that the UScan’t take away the money that has already been contributed. However, it can instruct agencies such as the United States Agency for International Development into scale back cooperation with WHO. A lot of the voluntary money is provided at the agency level, and the president Trump could demand theses agencies to stop providing money for the WHO projects.
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